Common junipers are also known to grow easily on a wide range of different sites including exposed slopes and plateaus; wooded hillsides; sand terraces and dunes; maritime escarpments; and dry, open, and rocky environments. Although juniper shrubs do not have any specific light requirement, they do grow well in full sun. Excess water can lead to rot. Junipers can be propagated by strategically taking cuttings from an existing juniper (the parent plant) and then rooting and planting that cutting, which will develop into a new juniper plant. There are many videos on the Internet where people transplant conifers and, in particular, junipers, and everything turns out perfectly. The Skyrocket variety is often used as a living fence. They keep almost all the water from the rain.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'worldofgardenplants_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_2',116,'0','0'])); In dry and hot weather, I turn on the general watering and water the whole garden; as a result, junipers also get water. Common junipers cannot survive in full shade conditions. Alice Vincent’s top tips. In the shade, it will develop poorly, and it will not be dense. Common junipers are susceptible to a number of common pests and diseases. I do not fertilize large adult junipers at all, because if they take root well, their growth should be restrained and not stimulated. Common pests of the common juniper include bagworms, juniper scale, aphids, and more. The second favorable period is autumn. The roots should be reddish-brown with white tips. Prefer only well-known nurseries with a good reputation. Also, you should not water these plants in winter. Then it should grow for another year in the same place. Common junipers are evergreen coniferous trees/shrubs in the family Cupressaceae. Although I want to share one observation, with a little watering in dry weather, they have more juicy and bright needles. That’s all I have, grow plants healthy, and good luck to you! This can be done with a peg or steel bracket. If there is no rain a few days before, water the plants well several times. There are different types of juniper that grow to widely differing sizes, from ones that grow low and are almost ground cover, to trees that can grow to 25 ft or even up to 60ft tall. Select an area in your landscape to plant the juniper that receives full sun to partial sun. Amend the planting site with sphagnum peat moss to give your juniper a soil with an acidic pH. Use 1/2 lb (225 g) of fertilizer per 100 square feet (9.23 square meters). I once bought a Blue Carpet Juniper that grew in a pot filled with clean peat, and it felt really good. These were very beautiful plants that I still grow. Tall varieties will look great as a vertical accent in the composition. Because common juniper germination rates are notoriously poor, it's a good idea to sow several seeds at once for the best chances of success. Over the years of cultivation, these varieties... Hi I’m Igor. If this happens to you, do not worry; just remove the dry branches, and that’s it. Junipers can be damaged by various insects, but some of them pose the greatest threat. I will also share with you pictures from my garden and some practical recommendations. Merethe Svarstad Eeg / EyeEm / Getty Images. Place the seed/sand mi… In their place will be gaps that will grow over time. Junipers grow in most parts of North America. Common junipers are native to the cool temperate climates of the Northern Hemisphere, and as such are tolerant of a wide range of temperatures. Most juniper diseases are caused by fungal spores and affect different parts of the plant. Slightly compress the soil around the plant.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'worldofgardenplants_com-netboard-1','ezslot_21',114,'0','0'])); After planting, you need to water the Juniper. If you are not sowing the seeds immediately, they should be cleaned and air-dried to prevent the formation of mold. Some species of Juniper, such as Juniperus sabina, take root very well. Therefore, these plants often grow in partial shade. This makes the common juniper one of the most widely distributed shrubs in the world. If you have this problem, then remove the affected branches and burn them or take them away from the yard. Portobello Road Gin's 'Grow Your Own Juniper' bottle is £25 in Waitrose stores. The most exotic and difficult is grafting. I fertilize with a small amount of fertilizer once a year in early spring. Cori is a freelance writer based out of Ontario, Canada, who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care. The soil should retain moisture better, so you need to add a little com. Here the main thing is that the plant receives at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight daily.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'worldofgardenplants_com-box-4','ezslot_14',109,'0','0'])); From the above, we can conclude that Juniper can be planted on the east or west side of the house. Try not to damage the roots and do not shake the ground. The first favorable period comes in the spring when the ground thaws. As a result, they will be brittle and may freeze in winter. If you have these insects, mix one teaspoon of soap in a gallon of water and then add two tablespoons of Neem Oil and shake well. Often I can not give junipers the perfect soil mixture. Once the fruit of the common juniper has ripened (turned from green to purple … Therefore, I can recommend you to use such mulch. Plant junipers in the spring. Common juniper is dioecious, meaning that male and female structures grow on separate trees. Juniper is a small, bushy conifer that grows in many countries with cold climates, including Canada and Iceland. link to Miss Kim Lilac vs Dwarf Korean Lilac: Same Or Different? If you notice these bags and they are few, just destroy them. Then the branches begin to dry, and the plant may die. Share. How to Grow Juniper. Where to Find Juniper Berries. Japanese junipers (Juniperus procumbens) are evergreen shrubs and trees grown outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. In this chapter, I will briefly describe the three most common pests of these plants. This is especially true of creeping varieties; their shoots spread fairly fast, for example, Blue Carpet Juniper. When working, use only high-quality and sharp tools. As you know, junipers are sun-loving plants, so it is better to plant them in full sun. Checking the shrub over semi-annually for signs of pests and using an insecticide when needed should keep any major infestations under control. Unfortunately, sometimes it happens that in the first year the plant begins to grow and form new branches and needles, but the following year dies. Although it is not an endangered species world wide, it is becoming rare in Ireland because of a combination of overgrazing and changing climate. These are the conditions you need to provide for them.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'worldofgardenplants_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_27',108,'0','0'])); Low varieties are best planted in front of tall plants; this way, you can achieve a cascade, which is very popular in ornamental horticulture. If the weather is sunny or if you have damaged the root system, then be sure to shade the Juniper for a few months or even a year. Treat the purchase of Juniper responsibly, savings, in this case, can bring more problems than pleasure. Depending on the size of the plants, I give them 1.5-2 ounces for each plant. A large amount of fertilizer will stimulate vigorous growth, and young shoots will not have time to mature normally. Dig the plant along with the roots and earth on them. Adding more juniper bushes to your garden or landscape doesn't necessarily require a trip to the local nursery. So if you do not have the opportunity to fertilize them, then they will still grow quite well.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'worldofgardenplants_com-netboard-2','ezslot_22',117,'0','0'])); However, a small amount of fertilizer will accelerate the growth of these plants; in addition, they will look lusher. Then dig a hole of the same size and plant it there. These hardy shrubs are considered ‘light feeders’ and do not require regular fertilization. Junipers require free-draining soil, but will tolerate most types and pH levels. Maintenance: Not much has to be done. This will saturate the plant with enough moisture, which it will need for better adaptation to the new place. The soil around should always be moist until the plant takes root. Scientifically known as Juniperus procumbens, the second part of the name refers to the plant’s low height. If desired, apply an all-purpose slow-release fertilizer in early spring. The cultivation of Junipers is no doubt a wide and detailed subject area, but to keep it simple and provide an easy method that the inexperienced gardener can readily use we provide the techniques we have successfully used in England for growing junipers. Common junipers grow well in USDA zones 2 through 7. A sign of their presence is the bags in which the larvae develop. I have been growing these plants in this way for many years without any problems. Juniper provides wonderfully dense cover for nesting birds, e.g. This is especially true if your state has snowy winters. Otherwise, the plant may become stressed and die.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'worldofgardenplants_com-leader-4','ezslot_13',123,'0','0'])); I recommend thinning heavily thickened plants from time to time. For each handful of seeds add two or three handfuls of mixture. If the roots are dark brown with a gray tinge, then it may mean that it is rotten. I recommend gradually saturating the soil around the plant with water. Also, like shade, you can use a pot with a tall plant that can be placed in front of the Juniper. Blue Star juniper care is a cinch if you plant the shrub correctly. You can add a little fertilizer to the pit, and it will give the plant energy to start. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Common juniper seeds require cold-stratification in order to germinate and must be kept in an airtight container at 20-40 degrees Fahrenheit for up to 120 days prior to planting. These hardy conifers are variable in form, typically depending on where they are located. I have always said and continue to do so that to keep your plants healthy; you need to buy quality planting material. Evergreen and coniferous, junipers range from low growing ground covers to tall trees. link to Fireglow vs Bloodgood Japanese Maple: Are They Similar. Then new spores move in the wind and infect fruit trees. Ground Cover Junipers - They grow up to 1 1/2 feet tall. Although it has prickly leaves, the new shoots provide tasty food for red deer and rabbits. I also recommend mulching the pot with small stones, it will better retain moisture in the pot, and the plant will look more beautiful. In case of severe damage, it is best to destroy the plant. Most importantly, they should not have large drainage holes. The only thing I do for the winter is spraying with a fungicide to avoid the development of fungal diseases in case of a warm winter. Family Cupressaceae Genus Juniperus can be prostrate or erect, evergreen shrubs or trees with aromatic, scale-like or sharply pointed awl-shaped leaves, and small globose fruits Water your juniper twice or three times a week for the first 14 days. Almost everyone remembers the spring scent of lilac, which reminds him of childhood. Do not allow the soil around to dry out. If you want to have a compact bush, you need to prune it. Growing juniper: Studies have been done that have determined that seeds take a very long time to germinate and can encounter a whole range of problems. This article is devoted to planting and growing Juniper. The more roots are not damaged, the better. JunipersTrees.com - How to grow Junipers: cultivation. After two years, the new plant can be transplanted to a new place. In this way, it is convenient to propagate low-growing varieties. Junipers overwinter in containers perfectly, and you do not need to cover them with anything. Use pruning shears to remove 5% of thin branches no more than 10 inches long from different parts of the plant. The second most common pest is Spider Mite. They are extremely hardy shrubs that can adapt to a wide range of growing conditions including poor soils, dry locations, and even inner-city environments as common junipers are highly tolerant of urban pollution. They will definitely die from the first frost. Next, the cuttings need to be watered and moved to the greenhouse. In general, conifers do not tolerate transplanting very well. Do not fertilize your plants in autumn or winter, as this can lead to the growth of young shoots. A lot of green mass will give an additional load for the main branches, and in strong winds, they can break (this applies to columnar forms). Tweet. First, it all starts with the tips, and if you do not treat the disease progresses, and the branches begin to die. Suitable for both ceramic and plastic containers. But be careful not to over water it. Another problem is the size of the pot. If you notice brown or dry needles, then it may be a sign of illness. I recommend planting in cloudy weather when the sun is not too bright. Apply fertilizer once more in the late summer. So fertilize junipers no more than once a year with a small amount of fertilizer. However, do not use a lot of water, avoid waterlogging.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'worldofgardenplants_com-portrait-1','ezslot_23',115,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'worldofgardenplants_com-portrait-1','ezslot_24',115,'0','1'])); Also, when watering, pour the branches and needles. When it comes to propagation, common junipers are most readily grown from seeds. All my junipers grow in full or partial sun, and they grow well in such conditions. Conifers love when they are wet, in which case the needles become juicier. Then dig a hole twice the size of the pot. Then spray the plants with a fungicide designed to combat this disease. 3. They can also be planted to the right or left of tall plants. The amount of organic matter should not exceed 25%. Water. The pot should be placed in a sunny place so that the plant has enough light. So what’s there not to like? These are quite large insects, and it is difficult not to notice them. Although junipers grow on almost any soil, it is very desirable to prepare an earth mixture for backfilling, mixing turf, sand and adding dolomite flour. Other common names common juniper juniper Synonyms Juniperus intermedia. This method is used for the reproduction of rare varieties or to obtain stem forms. Choose only healthy-looking plants and with a strong root system. Juniper is a hardy shrub that grows just about in any region and soil. In addition, the lack of sunlight will develop fungal diseases. Of course, there are some subtleties that I will briefly describe.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'worldofgardenplants_com-mobile-leaderboard-2','ezslot_16',126,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'worldofgardenplants_com-mobile-leaderboard-2','ezslot_17',126,'0','1'])); First of all, dwarf varieties of Juniper should be grown in pots, for example, Nana Juniper. You can use expanded clay or stones as drainage. If you plant at this time, there is a high probability that the plant will continue to grow in the spring. I want to share my experience with you, maybe someone will find it useful. The seeds must … When they get too much shade, the branches spread apart in an effort to let more sunlight in, and the damage to their shape can’t be repaired. First, it retains moisture, does not rot and does not develop pathogenic bacteria. Under this white coating, insects overwinter and lay eggs. Within two years, Juniper will take root. Therefore, this path is practiced mainly by hybridizers to obtain new varieties. In dry weather, they need to be watered once or twice a week.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'worldofgardenplants_com-narrow-sky-1','ezslot_18',127,'0','0'])); At the end of the article, I want to say a few words about mulching. After about a year, the branch forms roots, after which it can be cut off from the mother plant. In a drought, if they are not watered, they will survive, but will not have such a decorative appearance as with sufficient moisture. How to Grow a Japanese Juniper Inside. By the end of the year, some branches will take root, and some will dry out. I want to warn you against excess fertilizer. Soil. External signs of the presence of this pest are white spots and blisters on the needles. Another interesting way to propagate is by seed. They praised the pine bark. I almost never water my junipers. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. There is one rule: do not remove more than a third of the branches and needles a year. Next, remove the plant from the pot and inspect the root system. However, if they have multiplied in large numbers, then you will have to apply pesticides that are labeled against it. In my garden, these plants have more than enough moisture. So far, I have not noticed any negative consequences of such cultivation. I also want to say a few words about peat. Junipers provide 4-season interest with colorful foliage that range from steel blue to shiny gold. October 28, 2020 // by Tammy from Soil Grow Enjoy. Use a commercially available bonsai soil mix for juniper trees for the best results. By this method, you can propagate rare juniper varieties or create Juniper on the stam. Native to the cool, temperature climates of the northern hemisphere, common junipers (Juniperus communis) have a nearly complete circumpolar distribution - occurring naturally throughout parts of North America, Europe, and Asia. Watch out for diseases such as juniper blight, twig blight, and cedar apple rust - all of which can be handled with prompt and aggressive pruning. goldcrests and song thrushes. As I mentioned above, Juniper grows on rocks in rocky soil. Be that as it may, if you have the opportunity to add a little compost or other organic matter to the soil, do so. You can even root their cuttings in ordinary garden soil in the shade of trees.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'worldofgardenplants_com-portrait-2','ezslot_28',119,'0','0'])); Another easy way to reproduce is layering. Stretch the net in front of the plant to shade it from the midday sun. Then we had a Juniperus sabina with a bushy crown shape, and so it all began. If you grow columnar varieties, such as Skyrocket Juniper, then you can tie it with ribbon or lace so that the snow does not break the crown. Keep their soil moist at all times, as seeds are prone to going dormant if the soil around … Once the fruit of the common juniper has ripened (turned from green to purple-black), the seeds can be harvested and either sowed directly into the garden or stored over the winter to be sowed in the spring. Spray Juniper with this solution; this will usually be enough. For this purpose, it is better to approach Juniperus communis Gold Cone or Blue Arrow Juniper, etc. This way, you will be able to avoid the swamp around. As a result of their activity, the needles begin to dry and fall off. Also, with an excess of fertilizers, plants will become more vulnerable to disease. There may also be another situation to make it easier to survive the transplant shock part of the branches or needles may dry out. It's easy to plant and grow juniper shrubs, and even a novice gardener will have success. For grafting, you need to prepare rootstocks. The flavorful berries are a prominent ingredient in gin, and can also be used to make tea and flavor cooked meats and vegetables. ‘Old Gold’ is a golden colored shrub that’s 2 to 3 feet tall and 4 to 5 feet wide. The main thing is to plant the plants before they start to grow, but not before they wake up. When it comes to Japanese maples, the sharply divided leaves and the red color come to mind. Growing in the partial sun or light shade is also possible; most species will grow well. How to Grow a Blue Star Juniper. Then water the plant, repeat watering in two days. As shown in the table at the beginning of the article, junipers are very hardy plants, so you do not need to cover them for the winter. The first time you need to shorten your plants is a young growth. Choose a large container to ensure that the young junipers seedlings have plenty of room for roots to develop and provide adequate space for the established tree. Columnar and large varieties are not very suitable for pots. They are good for ground cover, border edging, rock gardens, and in containers on the balcony or deck. They may not have such a thick crown as in the sun, and the color of the needles may be slightly different, but in general, everything will be ok. This site is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Otherwise, the soil will dry out faster, and you will have to water them more often. At their maximum, common junipers can withstand winter temperatures as low as -45 degrees Celsius (or -49 degrees Fahrenheit), and may frequently experience summer temperatures as high as 30 degrees Celsius (or 80 degrees Fahrenheit). Credit: Armands Pharyos / Alamy Stock Photo Next, you need to choose the right pot. The juniper, or juniperus, is a beautiful tree that is found throughout the northern hemisphere. Therefore, it is better to plant these plants in well-drained soil with the addition of organic matter. Unfortunately, varietal characteristics are very poorly transmitted to seedlings. A many years ago, I became interested in growing plants.