Here, we describe the evolution of harvest portfolios amongst Pacific Northwest fishermen over 35+ years with explicit attention to changes in the structure and function of the albacore (Thunnus alalunga, Scombridae) troll and pole-and-line fishery. Focus group research involves organised discussion with a selected group of individuals to gain information about their views and experiences of a topic. Lunt & Livingstone, 1996; Morgan, 1996; Wilkinson, 1998). Focus group dis-cussion is a technique where a researcher assembles a group of indi-viduals to discuss a specific topic, aiming to draw from the complex personal experiences, beliefs, perceptions and attitudes of the par-ticipants through a moderated interaction (Cornwall & Jewkes, 1995; All rights reserved. We found that inquiry based online content, especially when applied to science subject, can be effective in students interests and their motivations. Four main themes emerged from the review: understanding of people's perspectives regarding conservation (32%), followed by the assessment of conservation and livelihoods practices (21%), examination of challenges and impacts of resource management interventions (19%) and documenting the value of indigenous knowledge systems (16%). Development options imagined by locals are inseparable from contemporary politics of transfrontier conservation area governance requiring researchers to shift roles from being catalysts and knowledge brokers to facilitators of learning and negotiation. three small groups, each having their own independent discussion. This paper explores, in both conceptual and practical terms, three key issues: consent; confidentiality and anonymity; and risk of harm. In addition to this, they are very cheap to do, easy to set up and if needed, a research group can easily increase the number of samples or the focus groups if needed for the study (Krueger 1994). We detail the structure and function of a single knowledge ecosystem (forecasting spread and impacts), and document two case studies to illustrate how knowledge ecosystems might (a) increase participation of individual researchers within long-term research efforts, and (b) facilitate inclusion of non-researchers in developing a common knowledge base. The topic of this video is Focus Group Discussion Methodology-II. A focus group is a small-group discussion guided by a trained leader. Sage, UK. Focus group discussion is a research methodology in which a small group of participants gather to discuss a specified topic or an issue to generate data. Depending on the research objective, the Focus Group can … Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is a research method in the social sciences, with a particular emphasis and application in the developmental program evaluation sphere (Doody, Slevin, & Taggart, 2013). The five stages are: Study Purpose Methodology Conceptualization Logistics Facilitation Preparation Pre-Session Session Analysis Reporting Using this five-stage process as a guide will contribute to the completion of an This study shows that pedagogical belief plays a role with performance expectancy and effort expectancy in influencing an educator's behavioral intention to use technology. Guidelines for conducting a focus group 6. The amalgamation of individual and collective reflection and the coproduction of knowledge among participants in NGT allows for a depolarizing approach to the study and management of conservation issues. Once all the data are analysed, the researcher needs to consolidate the, outlined by Sandelowski (1993), Morse (1994) and Angen, as one group in one place. In contrast, large vessels (>60 ft) targeting albacore are more specialized now than previously observed, even as participation in multiple fisheries has become increasingly common for this size class. It is also a good method to employ prior to designing questionnaires. The Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) is an iconic flagship species and geographical indication product of Bangladesh. Preparing for focus group discussion 8. <> Stewart, D. W., & Shamdasani, P. N. (1990). Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The. We suggest that related research should be expanded toward to other subject than science and various students age groups. A group of 6-10 people, usually 8, meet to explore and discuss a topic, such as a new product. I argue that the best and most productive form of research design that could adequately respond to the social problems is the Participatory Action Research (PAR), lensed through Transformative Paradigm (TP). They address the three main components of composition, conduct and analysis in focus group research and also acknowledge the increasing impact the Internet has had on social research by covering the role and conduct of `virtual focus groups'. It is notable that the biggest barriers to transition are centred on planning and implementation aspects, as it is also evident that many in the community do not adhere to the same vision. The Focus Group (FG) has been actually employed by marketing, and is becoming importanct also in other areas; such as, education, health, management, decision-making, and information systems, among others. endobj Five species classified as high-risk group were known to be threatened species listed in the national IUCN Red List. Finally, we used concept mapping, or a visual display illustrating. Get a verified writer to help you with Focus group discussion. We aim to identify patterns in methodological variants, topics covered, scope, advantages and limitations of the technique. 4 0 obj This paper is concerned with a particular type of group meeting: a focused group interview or focus group. Following are the main advantages of focus group discussion in research: It is an inexpensive and fast method of acquiring valuable data. Focus Group Interviewing --- Richard Krueger 4 Beginning the Focus Group Discussion The first few moments in focus group discussion are critical. Rarely was the method used as a stand-alone technique. Decide on the range of topics you would like to cover before the session 2. Analyzing Focus Group Data The analysis and interpretation of focus group data require a great deal of judgment and care, just as any other scientific approach, and regardless of whether the analysis relies on quantitative or qualitative procedures. (1998). First, this study analyzed related literature review, case studies, and inquiry based class models for seeking better applicable design and development modes. A focus group is a small, but demographically similar group of people and whose reactions are studied especially in market research or political analysis in guided or open discussions about a new product or something else to determine the reactions that can be expected from a larger population. and C.J.D. The method aims to obtain data from a purposely selected group of individuals rather than from a statistically representative sample of a broader population. (2002) used focus groups to explore student experiences of Personal Development Plans, whilst Fuller et al. Guidelines for setting up and designing focus-group studies are outlined, ethical issues are highlighted, the purpose of a pilot study is reviewed, and common focus-group analysis and reporting styles are outlined. Focus groups are group discussions conducted with the participation of 7 to 12 people to capture their experiences and views regarding specific issues closely related to research question(s). • The focus group needs to be appropriate for the type of participants in the group. ing in ecology and conservation journals. the studies reviewed can be found in the appendices. are aware of and beginning to use technology to enhance their meetings, there has been very little research exploring electronic focus groups. It has long been claimed that a better understanding of human or social dimensions of environmental issues will improve conservation. Here we review the existing literature, suggest important dimensions in understanding the impact of technology, and then apply some of the insights gained from Group Support Systems and computer-mediated communication research to this specific type of meeting. In addition, re, for example testing narratives (Zander, Stolz, & Hamm, 2013) and de, veloping questionnaires (Kelboro & Stellmacher, 2015). Sage, UK. The nominal group technique (NGT) is a qualitative method to elicit judgement from stakeholders. We performed a PSA to evaluate the relative risk to bycatch stocks in gillnet fishing (gillnet shares > 95 % of Hilsa catch) along with target stock, Hilsa. Most of the studies, common theme related to the understanding of people’s perspectives, pretation and legitimisation of biodiversity, provided insights into their perceptions on climate and environmental, production systems such as oil sands production, ecotourism and for, tion of nature. The main methods of data collection during a, and participant observation (Stewart, Shamdasani, &, vestigation, number of questions and the number of participants. It implies that the exploitation rate associated with overfishing corresponds to the vulnerability scores. It is used to learn about opinions on a designated topic, and to guide future action. thinks (or by observing their interactions) often, group to different conclusions than those. Important note: If you’re hoping to do serious journal-worthy qualitative analysis, this post might not be for you. The use of focus groups is a research method that is intended to collect data, through interactive and directed discussions by a researcher. All content in this area was uploaded by Tobias Nyumba on Jan 11, 2018, Evolution © 2018 British Ecological Society. 19). Member checking is often mentioned as one in a list of validation techniques. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis and the results thereof indicated that indeed, IK can be utilized as an alternative. The term described meetings held with a limited group of participants with the objective of discussion. Qualitative techniques for decision making in conservation, Integrating across knowledge systems to drive action on chronic biological invasions, Intensive care unit nurses' perception of the barriers to effective in-service education: A qualitative study, Stakeholders’ Recount on the Dynamics of Indonesia’s Renewable Energy Sector, EXPLORING THE ROLE OF PEDAGOGICAL BELIEFS TOWARDS THE INTEGRATION OF TECHNOLOGY IN THE TEACHING PRACTICES AMONG PHILIPPINE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION EDUCATORS, INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AS AN ALTERNATIVE PEDAGOGY TO IMPROVE STUDENT PERFORMANCE IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF MATHEMATICAL GEOMETRY IN TVET COLLEGE, Assessing the vulnerability of bycatch species from Hilsa gillnet fishing using productivity susceptibility analysis: Insights from Bangladesh (Share Link:, Polislik Perspektifinden Dijital Misenformasyon ve Dezenformasyon: Covid-19 Örnek Olayı Bağlamın-da Bir Analiz, Changes to the structure and function of an albacore fishery reveal shifting social-ecological realities for Pacific Northwest fishermen, The Trajectory of Transformative Research as an Inclusive Qualitative Research Approach to Social Issues, The nominal group technique in ecology & conservation: Application and challenges, Conservation social science: Understanding and integrating human dimensions to improve conservation, A guideline to improve qualitative social science publishing in ecology and conservation journals. We begin by identifying knowledge sources (stakeholder values, forecasts of invader spread and impacts, management technologies and operational logistics) to guide the high-level actions (governance framework design, selection of ethical management technologies, definition of long-term objectives, design of management strategies and operational plans implementing strategies) required for management of chronic invasions. stream This is because the thrust of PAR and TP are essential to transform people and their predicaments by making them co-researchers where they are able to share and construct knowledge as a solution to their problems. More than half of the studies (n = 101) did not report the sample size and group size (n = 93), whereas 54 studies did not mention the number of focus group discussion sessions while reporting results. Sexuality Research and Social Policy: Journal of NSRC. Focus groups rely on interaction within the group based on topics that are supplied by the researcher. need to generate discussion or debate about a research topic that, Padmavathy, 2013; Mfune, 2013; Wibeck, 2011). data (Dubrovsky, Kiesler, & Sethna, 1991). Carry out a focus group study if you want to understand people’s views and experiences. First, we reviewed all the research “questions” and “purposes”, spectives) and descriptions of the attributes (e.g. In a brief time the moderator must create a thoughtful, permissive atmosphere, provide ground rules, and set the tone of the discussion. You use a focus group in qualitative research. While discussion is constrained, the written format can help with reporting on the discussion. This is due to many constraints faced in the Department of Higher Education. nique is not a rigorous method for data collection. In addition, the increasing. Group discussion, conducted several times until similar trends and patterns in perception, attitudes, ideas are shown. (1998). Uses: To collect preliminary data for surveys or interviews in order to determine issues that end users view as significant. 2. We noted serious gaps in the reporting of the methodological details in the reviewed papers. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Of the 130 identified species, Hilsa and 74 bycatch stocks were subjected to a PSA depending on data availability and the magnitude of capture. This method is selected since it allows the researcher/interviewer to question several individuals systematically and simultaneously [16] or in this case the stakeholders in sustainable and renewable energy. In this method, group dynamics can encourage people to describe their perspectives that occur less frequently in an individual interview. (1994). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc. Transcribe focus group discussions; Have a least 2-3 researchers (in addition to the moderator) attend the focus group and take notes. FGDs can be used to explore the meanings of survey findings that cannot be explained statistically, the range of opinions/views on a topic of interest and to collect a wide variety of local terms. 1. While a review of the literature suggests that focus group practitioners and researchers, This study is to design, develope, and deploy of e-learning inquiry based content in elementary science class. The UTAUT model is a theoretical framework that elucidates the conditions under which teachers are most likely to accept and use information and communication technologies (ICT) in the classroom. both in people and circumstances (Bloor et al., 2001). where the researcher adopts the role of an “investigator. In this article, I contended that such approach is too subjective, undemocratic and overbearing. Some of the focus groups advantages are as follows: 1. A focus group is a small, but demographically similar group of people and whose reactions are studied especially in market research or political analysis in guided or open discussions about a new product or something else to determine the reactions that can be expected from a larger population. The second documents a stakeholder engagement process (iterative focus groups, ... We applied an iterative focus groups approach.
2020 focus group discussion methodology